Data sharing platforms: instruments to inform and shape science policy on data sharing?

The lack of incentives for data sharing has been conceptualized in scientific literature and policy documents as a science policy constraint. Platforms can only facilitate data sharing through technical means but are not able to fully allow data sharing. The design of platforms may help to address these barriers in the long-term with the purpose to enhance data sharing to make them more findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable. Thus, platforms can be used to inform science policy development, to monitor data sharing practices and to steer funding prioritization for cohorts and data infrastructures, connecting policy evolutions to open science.

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